Tracing the admiration for the universe and music with music history
Atelier dinner concert in the forest 2018
"195 times" bach vs the light and darkness of the handel baroque era "
Kuniko Yamaguchi and Miku no Hill Flute Ensemble
Western music history and musicians
The 33rd "Claudio Monteverdi"
Minami Aso Luna Observatory · Atelier in the forest Takashi Miyamoto 2018.03.04
A musician who adorns the beginning of the Western music history series in 2018 year, I would like to take Monteverdi who opened the door of music history from the old Renaissance era to the new Baroque era.
Monteverdi, born in Italy's Cremona in 1567 years, studied with Marc Antonio Ingenieri, a champion of the Cathedral of Cremona. Became a violist with a chapel of Vincenzo 1 of the Duke of Gonzaga in Mantova around 1590 years and was choral chairman in 1694 (I was promoted to Cantor 9, then brought the orchestra from Flandres After traveling to a wide region of Europe to Hungary, in 1601 it was promoted to the court chairman of the Gonzaga family.
He departed from the traditional polyphonic music of the Renaissance, but eventually the power of the Christian Association declines, the secular absolute kingship is established, the subject of music changes from God to man himself In that, that music will also transform. In behalf of the beautiful polyphonic harmony, the movement to express the human emotions began.
In this way, the controversy of the time broke out over the Madrigal (secular singing songs) published from Monteverdi 's 1 collection to the 9 collection. A critic called Giovanni Altuge denied Monteverdi's new harmony as a theoretical mistake, entitled "About the mystery of the music of the world". Monteverdi, on the other hand, calls the music composition method based on strict counterpoints based on Renaissance polyphony and suppressive use of dissonance as the "1 manning method", while against Monteverdi, the free melody by the main melody and accompaniment bass We developed and distinguished new music that aims to express the song lyrics more dramatically by using dissonance and chromatic scale as the "2 manning method".
This is not only beautiful music, but dramatic music emerged as a leading character by human beings and expressing emotions, and eventually the music "opera" which literally became a drama is born. Although the opera was born and developed with Baroque, the masterpiece opera decorating its earliest period, "Monteverdi" composed by Monteverdi in "1607" by Ordefe, composed in 1607 year, by a new style called "Monodie" whose leading role tells lyrics against the background of music is.
Baroque is an Italian word meaning "irresistible pearl", but the era of baroque to express the dramatic emphasis of human beings with exaggerated human emotions against the world of beautiful harmony in the country of God aimed for by the Renaissance , It was decided to open the curtain like this.
Eventually Monteverdi, appointed as a muscle of the San Marco temple in Venice, will retain masterpieces such as Madrigal 'Battle of Tank Lady and Clorinda' and Opera 'Crowning Poppea'.
The giant Claudio Monte Verdi in Western history of history bridged the bridge in two eras and pushed the door of the new era died in 1643 years and is buried in the Basilica of Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari in Venice I will.
See: Walther Zarmen "Portrait of a Musician 409", Akio Okada "History of Western Music"
"The Perspective of Music History 17" Kazuo Tamura and others