musics

★ Sponsored by La Scala Opera __ 185 times dinner concert

"Esprit of Poulenc"

2017年10月29日

The 185 times dinner concert

"Esprit of Poulenc"

 

Performance: Lascara wooden ensemble × Makiaki Maki

Kuniko Yamaguchi (flute)
Ishida Eriko (Oboe)
Uramoto Yumiko (Clarinet)
Nakamura Rika (horn)
Sasaki Aroma (bassoon)
Makiaki Maki (piano)

 

 program
Francis Poulenc composition
1, Trio song for piano, oboe, bassoon
2, 1st movement from the flute sonata
3, clarinet sonata from the 3 movement
4, hexap songs
185 th concert

Western music history and musicians 

The 24th "Giovanni da Palestrina and anti-religious reform"

Minami Aso Luna Observatory · Atelier of the Forest Takashi Miyamoto 2017.10.29

 

Giovanni da Palestrina (around 1525 - 1594) is an Italian composer of the Renaissance period, born in Palestrina near Rome. At that time, most of the music was occupied by Flemish musicians from North Europe (Flemish music school), the Italian-born church musician finally appeared.

 

After serving as an organist in the home town of Santa Gapita, he published the first Italian "Mass Music Collection", he took office as Chairman of the Julia Chapel of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome in 1551 year. It was also chosen as a Sistine Chapel singer in 1555 years, but it was dismissed by Pope Paul 4 of the time.

そのころ、1517年10月31日にドイツのマルティン・ルターがヴィッテンベルグ教会の門に貼り出した95か条の論題に端を発した宗教改革の嵐が、ヨーロッパ中に吹き荒れており、ついに1560年にカトリック教会からプロテスタントが分かれていく中で、それに対抗する反宗教改革運動がローマ・カトリックの内部でも叫ばれていました。パレストリーナはすでに結婚していたので、聖職者は結婚できないとのカトリックの教義に抵触してしまったのです。

And, as a result of the Ceremonial Council held between 1545 and 63, while the Catholic internal reforms are progressing, the movement also extends to church music, and the splendid polyphonic music of the Flemish school is not suitable for liturgy , The voice has been increasing even in the Gregorian chant of a single melody.

However, Paula 's 4 world who was a tough Catholic church reformist died soon and Palestrina will return to Chairman Julia Chapel in 1571 year.

 

Mass tracks composed by Palestrina are responded to the atmosphere and demands of such age by polishing a clear and attractive melody, a warm and soft chord, and an elegant solution of gentle solving of dissonance, while being polyphony I tried to do. In particular, the "Mass of Pope Malchelles" was composed even in order to suppress hardliners of the Council of Trient in order to prove that polyphonic masses suitable for liturgy are also possible, even the legend that it fulfilled its purpose brilliantly I was born as well.

In this way, Palestrina composes the Mass tracks 105 songs, Motetus 250 songs, many religious songs, Madrigals over 100 songs and more. That music was called "Palestrina style", turned away from the trends of the day, kept Gregorian chant and full scale method, kept harmony of lyrics and music, kept the balance between harmony and polyphony, moderate gorgeousness We are aiming to show the solemn beauty that we have.

In this way, Palestrina became a symbolic existence in honor of "the saint of music" and "the rescuer of church music", and that music became a model showing the purity of church music, and it was also remarkable among music history As a being, it had a big influence on Europe in the 16 century.

 

(今日から数日後に迎える2017年10月31日は、音楽の歴史にも大きな影響を及ぼしたマルティン・ルターの95か条の論題提起からちょうど500年を迎える節目となります。)

 

See also: Tatsuo Minagawa "Music of the Middle Ages and Renaissance", Akio Okada "History of Western Music", Walter Zalmen "Portraits of Musicians 409", etc.

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